An ARRL-affiliated club- Dedicated to the advancement of amateur radio and providing education in electronics and amateur radio license classes

Educational Section

Important Notices:

 Morse Code Class

The Instructors, of the Charter Oak Radio Society, have posted the syllabus for the Morse code training class on the cw page. Anyone interested in learning Morse code is encouraged to contact the Education Manager George N1RMF at or Mike N1QLN the webmaster at .


If you have never held a FCC license before then you may want to apply to get a FRN (Federal Registration Number). When you go to get a FCC license, and filling out your 605, you either have to use your SSN number (Society Security Number) or a FRN number for identification. Click on the link below to go to the FCC secure web site to apply, and get a FRN Number.

How to apply for a FRN Click here

The Charter Oak Radio Society has published its General Class Power Point Presentation for all to Download. All Instructors please feel free to use this in your General Class Instruction. This presentation follows the ARRL General Class Study Manual

Charter Oak RS-General

Which Class of License is best for you?

In the United Sates there are three classes of amateur radio licenses, and Morse Code is no longer a requirement for obtaining your Amateur Radio License.

LEVEL 1: Technician Class License

  • Exam Requirement: 35-question Technician Written Exam (Element 2).
  • Privileges: All VHF/UHF Amateur bands (frequencies above 30 MHz).
    Limited operations in certain HF bands.

The FCC Technician License exam covers basic regulations, operating practices and electronics theory, with a focus on VHF and UHF applications. Morse code is not required for this license. With a Technician Class license, you will have all ham radio privileges above 30 MHz. These privileges include the very popular 2-meter band. Many Technician licensees enjoy using small (2 meter) hand-held radios to stay in touch with other hams in their area. Technicians may operate FM voice, digital packet (computers), television, single-sideband voice and several other interesting modes. You can even make international radio contacts via satellites, using relatively simple station equipment. Technician licensees now also have additional privileges on certain HF frequencies. Technicians may also operate on the 80, 40 and 15 meter bands using CW, and on the 10 meter band using CW, voice and digital modes.

 LEVEL 2: General Class License

  • Exam Requirements: 35-question General written exam (Element 3).
  • License Privileges: All VHF/UHF Amateur bands and most HF privileges (10 through 160 meters).

The General Class license is the second of three US Amateur Radio licenses. To upgrade to General Class, you must already hold a Technician Class license (or have recently passed the Technician license exam). Upgrading to a General license–which conveys extensive HF privileges—only requires passing a written examination. Once you do, the entire range of operating modes and the majority of the amateur spectrum below 30 MHz become available to you. The FCC grants exam Element 3 credit to individuals that previously held certain older types of licenses. Find valid forms of Examination Element Credit.

This the Mid Level license with More privileges on HF, need additional knowledge of electronics and rule and regulations, more responsibilities by communicating worldwide and being an ambassador of the United States, greater communication service area to use, higher power output, helping as a VE for technician(s) testing to become an amateur operator. To earn a General Class License you must pass the Thirty five (35) multiple-choice questions. *

 LEVEL 3: Extra Class License

  • Exam Requirement: 50-question Extra written exam (Element 4).
  • License Privileges: All Amateur band privileges.

General licensees may upgrade to Extra Class by passing a 50-question multiple-choice examination. No Morse code test is required. In addition to some of the more obscure regulations, the test covers specialized operating practices, advanced electronics theory and radio equipment design. Non-licensed individuals must pass Element 2, Element 3 and Element 4 written exams to earn an Extra License. The FCC grants exam element 3 credit to individuals that previously held certain older types of licenses. Find valid forms of Examination Element Credit.

The HF bands can be awfully crowded, particularly at the top of the solar cycle. Once one earns HF privileges, one may quickly yearn for more room. The Extra Class license is the answer. Extra Class licensees are authorized to operate on all frequencies allocated to the Amateur Service.

All amateur privileges as allowed by the FCC rules and Regulations under Title 47 CFR Part 97. You need to know more about electronics. Additional frequencies only for Extra class licensees. Extra class comes with more responsibilities as other hams will look up to you, Rules and regulations for your class, and the abilities to help other hams from your gained knowledge. You can become a VE for testing all classes of amateur licenses. To earn an Extra Class License you must pass the Fifty (50) multiple-choice questions.

* You do not have to send nor receive code to pass your license exams since 2007, However Morse Code Operating Signals (Q Codes eg: QSL, QRN, QRM, ………) will be on the test.